Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT) is a procedure that replaces a patient’s diseased cells with healthy-blood making stem cells. Bone marrow is the soft, fatty tissue inside the bones. The bone marrow produces blood cells. BMT is commonly used to treat blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma.
The healthy blood cells for the BMT from an adult donor or a cord blood unit, or where possible, the patient’s own blood-forming cells. In autologous transplant, the patient’s own blood cells are used, while in the case of allogenic transplant, a related donor or an unrelated donor blood cells are used for transplant.