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Cardiology focuses on disorders of the heart and blood vessels. The field includes treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. More than half of the deaths due to heart disease in 2015 were in men. About 630,000 Americans die from heart disease each year—that’s 1 in every 4 deaths.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heart_disease.htm

The approach to treatment of heart disease is a function of the type of disease one is dealing with.


  1. Atherosclerotic Disease – This disease is caused when the arteries are found to have deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls. The treatment is focused upon prevention of a heart attack, and to slow or stop the symptoms.
  2. Cardiac Arrhythmias – Cardiac Arrhythimias occur when the heart beats too fast, or too slow or with an irregular pattern. Here the treatment is focused upon regulating the heartbeat.
  3. Heart Valve Disease – This disease occurs when one or more of the heart valves do not open or close properly. The treatment goals include preventing damage and explore surgical repair of the valves.
  4. Heart Infections – With heart infection, the treatment goal is to address the inflammation of the heart and treat the infection.
  5. Heart Failure – This condition occurs when the heart is unable to pump and maintain sufficient blood flow in circulation. Often, the treatment requires lifelong treatment and the use of medications.


Sources: https://www.verywellhealth.com/heart-disease-treatments-overview-1745923; www.heartandstroke.ca

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