Gynecology deals with a women’s reproductive system. A woman’s reproductive organs are constantly changing through the normal processes of sexual activity, pregnancy and aging, as also through disease and injury. A related specialization is Obstetrics, which deals with pregnancy and complications that result from it.
The following are some of the procedures associated with gynecology:
- Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus
- Ovary removal
- Removal of fallopian tubes during surgery
- Taking cone biopsies from the inner walls of the uterus if cancer of the womb is suspected
- Colposcopy and hysteroscopy, where the insides of the uterus are viewed using endoscope like instruments
- Taking biopsy or tissue samples from the cervix, if cancer is suspected
- Taking routine Pap smears from the cervix in order to diagnose and detect cervix cancer
- Ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs
- Laparoscopy or visualizing the inner abdominal organs of the female reproductive system and diagnosis and removal of cysts and infections from the ovaries and fallopian tubes
- Removal of uterus fibroids
- Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections
- Diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence
- Diagnosis problems with menstruation like absence, heavy bleeding, irregular or no-onset of menstruation etc.
- Diagnosis and treatment of cancers of cervix, vagina, vulva, uterus or ovary along with a team of physicians and surgeons including an oncologist or cancer specialist.