Orthopedics is a specialty with focus on the musculoskeletal system—the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and nerves. It is estimated that more than 126 million Americans—one out of every two adults—are affected by a musculoskeletal disorder.
According to www.orthotoc.com, the 10 most common orthopedic surgeries include the following:
- ACL Reconstruction Surgery – Anterior Cruciate Ligament, a major ligament in the knee, is replaced with tendon from another part of the body.
- Knee Replacement Surgery – caused by cartilage damage, could result in partial or full knee replacement.
- Shoulder Replacement Surgery
- Hip Replacement Surgery – includes traditional approach, where the entire ball and socket is replaced or a less invasive surgery option where only the damaged portions are replaced.
- Knee Arthroscopy – a minimally invasive approach to dealing with knee issues.
- Shoulder Arthroscopy – similar to knee arthroscopy, with focus on the shoulder region.
- Ankle Repair – usually caused by fracture, the procedure involves alignment of the bones using implants.
- Spinal Surgeries – includes different types of back surgeries, with surgical procedures that are minimally invasive.
- Joint Fusion – commonly found with arthritis patients, the procedure involves replacement of damaged cartilage with a graft; the bones are welded together to provide joint stability.
- Trigger Finger Release – this covers surgical procedures to correct `trigger finger’.